440 Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is not a single material with uniform properties but rather a classification of materials. There are many individual stainless steel variants, and it’s essential to select the most appropriate one for a given application. Of these varieties, 440 stainless steel comes from the martensitic family of steels, which are primarily valued for their strength. 440 steel is unique not only as the strongest stainless steel available but as one of the few varieties that can be heat treated through annealing, hardening, and stress-relieving processes. Stainless Shapes is a knowledgeable 440 Stainless Steel supplier.

440 Stainless Steel Properties and Types

What is 440 stainless steel? The 440 families of stainless steel are typically offered in long forms—bars, wires, billets, coils, and tubes are the most common, but there may be others.

440 stainless steel is the highest grade of cutlery steel on the market. It contains more carbon, allowing for high edge retention when properly treated. When properly treated, it can attain one of the highest hardness ratings of any other steel on the Rockwell scale. Given its low cost and toughness, it is prevalent in producing cutlery and replica swords.

440 stainless steel is tough but is formable once annealed for the most part. Other properties include:

  • High corrosion resistance
  • Heat resistance
  • Abrasion resistance
  • Heat treatable

Perhaps the most challenging metalwork process to use with 440 steel is forging. Although 440 is forgeable, the process takes skill and care. The metal must be preheated to 1500° F, then slowly forged while maintaining a constant temperature. The temperature cannot be allowed to drop below 1700° F.

440 stainless steel comes in four categories. Regarding the differences between 440 stainless, the four different grades are all specialized in their ways. The only difference between these grades is the amount of carbon involved. As such, they are ranked from least-to-most carbon content.

440A. It is ideal for diving and saltwater applications requiring superior corrosion resistance. The least amount of carbon among the four types makes 440A stainless the most stain resistant.

  • 440B. The 440B grade of stainless steel is ideal for crafting blades in areas where they need higher toughness than 440A and higher stain resistance than 440C, such as wet knives for cooking.
  • 440C. With the highest amount of carbon out of the 440 variants, this is the strongest and most desirable steel for knife making—especially over type 440A (except in aquatic conditions).
  • 440F. When talking about the 440 stainless grades, 440F often remains unmentioned. 440F is a free-machining variant of 440C. The popularity of 440c led to the development of this variant that works better for machining but is nearly the same composition.

Applications of 440 Stainless Steel

Based on these physical properties, 440 stainless steel is the best fit for products whose main requirements are strength and durability. Specific metalwork processes are complex when working with 440, so most common applications have relatively simple shapes. Some examples include:

  • Blades
  • Cutlery
  • Dental instruments
  • Nozzles
  • Valve components
  • Ball bearings
  • Pins
  • Turbines

How 440 Stainless Steel Compares to Other Stainless Steels

Its strength is the primary advantage when comparing 440 stainless steel to related alloys. The high carbon percentage in 440 makes it much more rigid and more substantial than other options. The ability to heat treat 440 is another important consideration.

The most common types of stainless steel are 304 and 316—both austenitic steel that can’t be heat treated—and 440 represents a good alternative. Finally, 440 compares favorably to other varieties for a few specific industries, including medical and saltwater applications, due to its resistance properties.

These benefits don’t come without drawbacks, however. For instance, 440 is much less malleable or formable without heat treatment than other varieties. This comes as a direct consequence of its hardness.

Ameralloy Steel and 440 Steel

Ameralloy Steel offers all grades of 440 steel, including free machinable 440F. As an ISO 9001-certified company with over 40 years of experience, our offerings go beyond the metals, extending to genuine expertise and care that results in an ideal material solution. We back this commitment with various value-added services, including custom lengths, EPQ finishing, and spring tempering.

Not sure what you are looking for? Contact Ameralloy Steel an ISO 9001 certified supplier that specializes in finding hard-to-find Stainless and Alloys. Along with our proprietary grades Amera-Braze, Durelloy, and Dura-Krome. Our knowledgeable sales team will help you find what you are looking for. With many shapes, sizes, and material grades available, we can help you find what you are looking for. The most common items stocked are Tube, Pipe, Sheet, Plate, Hex bar, Square bar, Round bar, Threaded bar, Pump Shaft, and Millimeter sizes. We offer added fabrication services. Contact us now for the current price and delivery.

Ameralloy Steel Corporation is a prime supplier of speciality steel bar products and wear-resistant high-impact steel plate. Our full catalogue features speciality steels and standard AISI alloys to meet your demanding applications.

Ameralloy’s precision-forged speciality steels and standard alloys are shipped worldwide with reliable on-time service.

Ameralloy provides engineering services for your steel products. From forging to machining and finishing, our Chicago based steel service centre will manufacture, ship, and deliver your order with unrivalled quality and service


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